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E.D.I.T.H. -- Exit Drills In The Home
Exit Drills In The Home can help people prepare for an emergency. Most home fires occur at night, when people are the least prepared. Home fires canbecome a disaster if you and your family are not familiar with how to escape during an emergency.
How to Design Your
Fire Escape Plan
To design your own fire escape plan, sketch the floor plan of your home on a piece of paper. Indicate on the plan all doors, windows and other areas from which you could escape from each room in your home. Draw arrows to indicate the normal exits which would be your primary escape route.
With an alternate color, draw arrows to indicate a secondary exit from each room in the home.
Choose a location outside the home where family members should meet once they have safely escaped. A neighbor’s front yard or sidewalk may be an ideal meeting place.
In Florida, all residents are required to have at least one operating smoke detector. The number of detectors you need and their location depends upon the layout of your home. There should be one smoke detector located near sleeping areas. It is also a good idea to have at least one detector on each level of your home, including the basement.
Practice, Practice, Practice
Your fire escape plan may look great on paper, but does it really work? Regular exit drills in the home will allow you to test the plan and make adjustments as needed. When practicing your exit drills in the home, remember to use alternate escape routes as well. Children should be closely supervised during drills in the home and no one should take unnecessary chances.
Everyone should know the location of telephones in the home and where to find a telephone outside of the home. It is very important that children also know the "911" phone number in order to report a fire or other emergencies to authorities.
People with physical or mental handicaps face greater risks during a fire emergency. People with special needs should sleep in a bedroom near someone who can help in the event of an emergency. A physically handicapped person may require a sleeping area on the ground floor. Design a special escape plan based on the abilities of the person.
Prepare a fire escape plan
Install and maintain smoke detectors
Examine your home for fire hazards and take steps to prevent a fire before it occurs
Practice exit drills in the home regularly
SMOKE ALARMS AT HOME
Smoke alarms are a key part of a home fire escape plan.
When there is a fire, smoke spreads fast. Working smoke
alarms give you early warning so you can get outside
Smoke alarms should be installed inside every bedroom,
outside each sleeping area and on every level. Smoke alarms should be connected so when one sounds, they all sound. Most homes do not have this level of protection.
Roughly 2 (two) out of 3 (three) fire deaths happen in homes with no smoke alarms or the alarms are not working.
» Install smoke alarms inside and outside each bedroom and sleeping area. Install alarms on every level of the home.
» Large homes may need extra smoke alarms.
» It is best to use interconnected smoke alarms. When one smoke alarm sounds they all sound.
» Test all smoke alarms at least once a month. Press the test button to be sure the alarm is working.
» There are two kinds of alarms. Ionization smoke alarms are quicker to warn about flaming fires. Photelectric alarms are quciker to warn about smoldering fires. It is best to use both types of alarms in the home.
» A smoke alarm should be on the ceiling or high on a wall. Keep smoke alarms away from the kitchen to reduce false alarms. They should be at least 10 feet (3 meters) form the stove.
» People who are hard-of-hearing or deaf can use special alarms. These alarms have strobe lights and bed shakers.
» Replace all smoke alarms when they are 10-years-old.
AFTER THE FIRE. What is a person, or family, to do after a fire destroys everything they once knew? Click on the brochure for more information.